Hemophilia is a rare medical condition that makes your blood unable to clot properly. Hence, people with the condition bleed for a longer period of time if they suffer from any type of wound. There are different treatments for hemophilia, which your doctor will recommend to you depending on the severity of your condition. Below is a list of the most effective treatment options.
- Plasma-derived factor concentrates medicine
One of the main treatment options for hemophilia is using clotting factor concentrates to give your blood the ability to clot. Among the concentrates used for the therapy, plasma is one of the primary ones. It is the liquid aspect of your blood that contains antibodies, albumin, and clotting factors. The plasma collected from human blood samples is used to make the clotting factor medicine. The plasma goes through a series of processing and tests to make sure that it is free of any virus before it can be used to make the medicine.
- Recombinant factor-concentrate medicine
One of the common treatments for hemophilia includes the use of recombinant factor-concentrate medicine. For this, recombinant factor VIII (8) is used to create the clotting factor replacement. It is a genetically engineered factor, which was approved for treatment in 1992 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Another reason the recombinant factor VIII is used for the medicine is that it cannot spread any viruses that are blood-borne as it does not contain albumin or plasma.
Hemlibra, also known as emicizumab or ACE 910, is a medicine that replaces the function of the clotting factor VIII. Using this medicine will reduce or stop the bleeding episode frequency in people who have hemophilia. Hemlibra is an injectable medicine, which is required to be administered under your skin.
- Stimate® and DDAVP
These treatments for hemophilia are available in medicinal form. There is a hormone naturally found in the blood that is responsible for releasing the factor VIII. Stimate® and DDAVP are similar to the hormone, and when they enter your body, they increase your clotting factor levels. DDAVP is given to you through a vein, while the Stimate® is administered using a nasal spray.
This is a medicine used for treating hemophilia, and it can be administrated either as a pill or can be given through the vein. It makes your blood clots firmer as its function is to stop the blood clots from breaking.
Cryoprecipitate is a plasma-derived substance. It is collected by defrosting frozen plasma, and the substance is factor VIII-rich. This medicine was more popular in the past and was used to manage excessive bleeding. However, cryoprecipitate cannot kill any viruses present in the blood and are considered less safe for that reason.
With these treatments for hemophilia, it is possible to manage your condition. However, only an experienced doctor can suggest the right treatment plan for you, and none of these medications should be taken without a prescription.